In this issue of “Lexing Insights,” the members of the network focus on “Biometrics and Facial Recognition“.
Data protection issues and practice of local DPAs
Biometrics, according to the CNIL, includes all automated processes used to recognise an individual by quantifying their physical, physiological or behavioural characteristics (fingerprints, blood vessel patterns, iris structure, etc.). Biometric data are personal data because they make it possible to identify that individual.
Facial recognition, in particular, is of great interest in terms of safety and security, but it also poses significant risks for individual freedoms. In France, the CNIL called for a democratic debate to be held on these technologies. In the European Union, the use of such devices is governed by the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR). In addition, the European Commission is preparing a regulation that will give EU citizens control over the use of their facial recognition data.
In this issue of “Lexing Insights,” the Lexing® network members provide a snapshot of the current state of play worldwide:
- What are the technological, ethical and societal risks associated with these technologies?
- What is the legal framework governing facial recognition devices?
- What measures are being taken in various countries around the world to secure them, build consumer trust and develop good practices?
The following countries have contributed to this issue: Belgium, France, Germany, Greece, Italy, South Africa.
Lexing International Newsletter “Lexing Insights” No. 24 April 2020